Elena Polonskaya (1902-1992) try an appealing woman: she try a popular astronomer just who missing the girl job throughout the Communist regimen, was accused of espionage because of their missionary facts, set in prison for some weeks, however, later re also-instated since the school teacher. Last but not least, she turned a nun throughout the Russian-Orthodox Chapel and you can taught bible degree and other theological information. She has an enthusiastic asteroid called just after the lady, but she will not but really has actually an effective Wikipedia article inside English. Let me reveal their biography.
Elena Ivanovna Polonskaya was given birth to to the 21 November 1902 inside Selets, from the Volyn state in the present Ukraine so you can parents throughout the Russian nobility. She analyzed astronomy on Faculty out-of Math and Sheer Sciences within Lviv College. Inside 1923, she participated in the initial meeting of your own Russian Christian College student Path in the Czechia. Away from 1926 so you’re able to 1928 she is actually a dynamic person in that it movement and its own leader having Poland and you will Belarus. She acted as the editor of religious governmental journal “At the Borderline”. She took part in apologetic summer courses within the Paris oriented from the Archpriest Sergei Bulgakov, their religious father.
Indeed, except for a time in the Naples to 1596 and you will a trip so you’re able to Spain in 1597, Clavius would be to are still Teacher out of Math at Collegio Romano for the rest of his life
Within the 1932, she turned secretary at Substantial Observatory within the Warsaw. In the 1934, she defended the lady Ph.D. thesis „To your planetocentric action out of comets“ in Warsaw. During the 1936, she hitched Leon Kazimierczak, a keen ichtyologist in the Warsaw School, plus in ed shortly after Sergei Bulgakov) was given birth to. Throughout The second world war, she has worked just like the Elderly Scientist at the Institution of Astronomy inside Lviv and you may transferred to Warsaw in the 1944. Within the Warsaw Uprising inside the 1944, she turned p close Vienna just like the battle prisoner. From inside the 1945, she produced a very challenging and you may crucial decision for her afterwards life: Due to the fact an Orthodox, she made a decision to come back https://datingranking.net/tr/swipe-inceleme/ to Russia, even in the event totalitarian Soviet Commitment at the time. She earliest stayed in Cherson (in today’s Ukraine) in which the girl man died away from meningitis when you look at the July 1948. She never ever watched the woman husband again, just like the he had been prohibited to get in the USSR.
Christopher Clavius, S.J. (twenty five February 1538 – 06 Feb 1612) is actually an excellent German Jesuit recognized for his reform of your diary, and you will an effective mathematician and talented teacher. The guy entered the newest has just founded Jesuit buy inside the 1555 and you can try sent to Coimbra, Portugal, to pursue his knowledge. After that eclipse observation, he visited Italy after into the 1560 and read theology at the this new Jesuit Collegio Romano into the Rome. He was ordained from inside the 1564. He stayed during the Collegio Romano was indeed the guy first started teaching math in of their ordination. He went on together with training into the Theology and you will turned into a complete person in the Jesuit Acquisition for the 1575.
For the 21 August 1560, he noticed a sunshine eclipse, an event and this sure your to devote their lives to analytical and you can astronomical investigation
into the 1579, he was chose due to the fact affiliate by the Pope Gregory XIII into payment to help you supervise new change of one’s schedule. The old Julian Calendar was established from the an enthusiastic edict off Julius Caesar inside the 45 BC. Just like the program from Julian decades and you will leap age don’t coincide just on the length of this new astronomical year, times away from extremely important Religious feasts have out-of alignment having the seasons. It payment then followed the fresh ideas for schedule change of Aloysius Lillius, with many modifications, as well as in 1582 Pope Gregory XIII promulgated this new schedule. Catholic countries rapidly then followed the latest “Gregorian schedule,” but Protestant and you can East Orthodox countries merely more sluggish followed. In the 1588, it turned into his part to describe and you may safeguard the brand new calendar reform, in which he performed therefore during the Novi calendarii romani apologia and after that will stop objections from Protestants, in addition to regarding astronomers and you can mathematicians.
Galileo Galilei are used to Clavius’s books, and then he decided to go to Clavius during 1st trip to Rome within the 1587. Following it corresponded from time to time on the mathematical trouble, and you can Clavius delivered Galileo duplicates away from his courses while they featured. Clavius is and you will remained an excellent defender of your own geocentric program though he had been impressed because of the Galilei’s telescopic breakthroughs when he penned into the 1611, a year prior to his dying.
Their correct and you will long-lasting influence was the newest use from rigid mathematical curricula for the Jesuit colleges, immediately if need for math within the absolute research (following entitled “absolute philosophy”) is actually widely underappreciated. He authored commonly used textbooks and you will influenced future generations regarding astronomers and mathematicians.